The Neumark (also New March) is a historical landscape and a former part of the Mark Brandenburg, from which the Electorate of Brandenburg developed as a predecessor of the Kingdom of Prussia already in the Middle Ages. Between 1815 and 1945, the Neumark was part of the Prussian province of Brandenburg. Nowadays, the Neumark is situated largely on the territory of Poland, mostly on the territory of the Polish voivodeships of Lubusz and West Pomerania and Wielkopolska. Important cities are and were for example Gorzów Wielkopolski (before 1945 Landsberg an der Warthe) or Choszczno in the northeast (before 1945 Arnswalde).
After 1945, the parts of the Prussian province of Brandenburg located east of the Oder River, which are now Polish, and hence also part of the Lubuskie region, were also referred to as East Brandenburg, but this does not correspond to any historical region or landscape. Nowadays, with reference to the former bishopric, the name Ziemia Lubuska or Lubuskie Land is usually used.
Pomerania is a region in northeastern Germany (Vorpommern) and northwestern Poland (Hinterpommern/Pomorze Tylne). The name is derived from the West Slavic 'by the sea' - 'po more/morze'. After the Thirty Years' War (Peace of Westphalia in 1648), Western Pomerania initially became Swedish, and Western Pomerania fell to Brandenburg, which was able to acquire further parts of Western Pomerania in 1720. It was not until 1815 that the entire region belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia as the Province of Pomerania. The province existed until the end of World War II, its capital was Szczecin (today Polish: Stettin).
Poland is a state in Central Eastern Europe and is home to approximately 38 million people. The country is the sixth largest member state of the European Union. The capital and biggest city of Poland is Warsaw. Poland is made up of 16 voivodships. The largest river in the country is the Vistula (Polish: Wisła).