Historians do not only try to create a scientific picture of the past. With their historiography they are at the same time part of history, because their investigations reflect the questions and problems of their own time. The project "History of Latvian Historiography" describes the emergence of Latvian historiography in Latvia from the time of nationalism in the 19th century to the present. It reveals how Latvian historians, research institutions and topics have been deeply influenced by the changeable history of this Baltic country, which has been influenced by revolutions, world wars and political system changes.
Particularly since the emergence of modern national movements in the 19th century, the Baltic region has been a region of conflicting memories and competing historical images. While the Baltic provinces of 
deu. Russland, rus. Rossija, rus. Россия

The Russian Federation is the largest territorial state in the world and is inhabited by about 145 million people. The capital and largest city is Moscow, with about 11.5 million inhabitants, followed by St. Petersburg with more than 5.3 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the European part of Russia, which is much more densely populated than the Asian part.

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has been the successor state to the Russian Soviet Republic (Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, RSFSR), by far the largest constituent state of the former Soviet Union. It is also the legal successor of the Soviet Union in the sense of international law.

deu. Estland, est. Eestimaa

Estonia is a historical landscape in northeastern Europe and includes the northern part of the present Estonian state. Until 1918, Estonia was one of the three Baltic Sea governorates of the Russian Empire, along with Livonia and Courland.

deu. Livland, est. Liivimaa, lav. Livonija

Livonia (latv. Livonija, est. Liivimaa) is a historical landscape in the Baltic States. Nowadays it includes parts of southern Estonia and northern Latvia. The landscape was named after the Livons who once lived there.

deu. Kurland, lav. Kurzeme

Courland is a historical landscape in the west of Latvia. Courland is situated on the Baltic Sea and borders two other Latvian regions - Livonia and Semgalia - and Lithuania to the south. The major cities of Courland include Jelgava, Ventspils and Liepaja.

) were dominated until the end of the 19th century by an image of history that was shaped by the German upper class and oriented towards German historicism, towards the end of the century and especially after the founding of the Baltic states in 1918, national historical narratives of the Estonians and Latvians took over this role. In a region that was shaken by revolutions, two world wars, and frequent political system changes in the 20th century, the dispute over history always meant a dispute over power and collective identities. The "History of Latvian Historiography" traces for the first time the emergence of one of these competing narratives around Latvian national historiography (and later scholarship), between the 1880s of the 19th century and its journey into the 21st century.
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