This scholarly handbook provides an in-depth look at the past of the three Baltic states. In addition to European and transnational references, the focus is also on confessional, cultural and linguistic differences.
Under the title "The Baltic States. History of a European Region", a three-volume German-language comprehensive account of the history of the 
lat. Balticum, deu. Baltikum, deu. Baltische Staaten, deu. Baltische Provinzen

The Baltic States is a region in the north-east of Europe and is composed of the three states Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The Baltic States are inhabited by almost 6 million people.

 from its beginnings to the beginning of the 21st century has been produced.
The Baltic region, today the Baltic states of 
deu. Estland, est. Eesti

Estonia is a country in north-eastern Europe and geographically it belongs to the Baltic States. The country is inhabited by about 1.3 million people and borders Latvia, Russia and the Baltic Sea. The most populated city and capital at the same time is Tallinn. Estonia has been independent since 1991 and is a member of the European Union.

deu. Lettland, eng. Latvian Republic, lav. Latvija

Latvia is a Baltic state in the north-east of Europe and is home to about 1.9 million inhabitants. The capital of the country is Riga. The state borders in the west on the Baltic Sea and on the states of Lithuania, Estonia, Russia and Belarus. Latvia has been a member of the EU since 01.05.2004 and only became independent in the 19th century.

deu. Litauen, lit. Lietuva

Lithuania is a Baltic state in northeastern Europe and is home to approximately 2.8 million people. Vilnius is the capital and most populous city of Lithuania. The country borders the Baltic Sea, Poland, Belarus, Russia and Latvia. Lithuania only gained independence in 1918, which the country reclaimed in 1990 after several decades of incorporation into the Soviet Union.

, is a landscape of multiethnic and cultural transitions between the countries of Germany and 
deu. Polen, pol. Polska

Poland is a state in Central Eastern Europe and is home to approximately 38 million people. The country is the sixth largest member state of the European Union. The capital and biggest city of Poland is Warsaw. Poland is made up of 16 voivodships. The largest river in the country is the Vistula (Polish: Wisła).

 to the southwest, the Scandinavian countries to the north, and 
deu. Russland, rus. Rossija, rus. Россия

The Russian Federation is the largest territorial state in the world and is inhabited by about 145 million people. The capital and largest city is Moscow, with about 11.5 million inhabitants, followed by St. Petersburg with more than 5.3 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the European part of Russia, which is much more densely populated than the Asian part.

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has been the successor state to the Russian Soviet Republic (Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, RSFSR), by far the largest constituent state of the former Soviet Union. It is also the legal successor of the Soviet Union in the sense of international law.

bel. Belarus', rus. Белоруссия, deu. Belarus, deu. Weißrussland, bel. Беларусь

Belarus is a state in eastern Europe inhabited by about 9.5 million people. The capital and most populous city of the country is Minsk. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, the state is independent. Belarus borders Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Russia.

 to the east. Its history, prior to and throughout the 20th century, is characterized by numerous changes of power and system breaks, but also remarkable social continuities and a stable border in the east. Different rulers, national traditions and conflicting interests have rewritten this history time and again. Thus, alongside the long-dominant historiographies of the Baltic Germans or Russians, for example, national historical narratives of Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, but also of smaller minorities such as Poles and Jews emerged in the 20th century.
The aim and novelty of the publication is to juxtapose different perspectives on the history of the Baltic region and to place them in the European historical context through consultation with a broad-based review board. The authors of the three volumes come from Germany, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, the Netherlands, Sweden, Russia, Finland, Poland, Great Britain and the USA.
The overall presentation is aimed at international research, academic teaching, students, but also political decision-makers as well as those interested in history and provides fundamental information about the history of the Baltic States region in terms of its European relations.
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Siehe auch